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CGPA is referred to as a cumulative grade point average. It was introduced in the CCE or Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation System for Class X. CGPA gives the average grade point of the student performance in all the subjects excluding the additional Subject. The subject wise performance of the students is recorded in forms of Grades.
Before 2011, the Central Board of Secondary Education had criteria for rewarding marks. In 2011, it replaced the criteria to the CGPA system.
The CGPA is used to denote the overall performance of the student in the academic session as grades. The CGPA system was introduced to ease the burden of marks and the stress of the examinations among students. Due to this reason, the CGPA system is also used in some of the bachelor's and Master's Degree.
The CGPA system defines the grades of a student in its academics. Although, it has some pros and cons.
GPA is grade point average which signifies the grades obtained by the student in the semester or term. CGPA is different from GPA as CGPA is the grades obtained by the student over the course or an entire year. Though GPA and CGPA both evaluate the measure of abilities of a student, CBSE has the curriculum which determines the CGPA only but not the GPA. While the colleges which use the CGPA system calculate the GPA of the students too. Different colleges have different criteria for giving GPA to the students. The basic feature of the GPA and CGPA remains the same that GPA is for Grades obtained over a term and CGPA is Grades obtained over the course or whole year.
It can't be concluded that one of the systems is good or bad, but some facts can be taken into consideration. Both the systems have its pros and cons.
The Central Board of Secondary Education has a curriculum where 5 subjects are compulsary and one is optional.
• TO CALCULATE AVERAGE CGPA
Assume the grade points of the 5 subjects as:
Subject 1 Grades= 10
Subject 2 Grades=9
Subject 3 Grades=10
Subject 4 Grades=8
Subject 5 Grades=10
• TO CALCULATE PERCENTAGE USING CGPA OBTAINED
• TO CALCULATE CGPA USING THE PERCENTAGE
|91 to 100||A1||10|
|81 to 90||A2||9|
|71 to 80||B1||8|
|61 to 70||B2||7|
|51 to 60||C1||6|
|41 to 50||C2||5|
|33 to 40||D||4|
|21 to 32||E1||0|
|00 to 20||E2||0|
There are several grading systems used around the world which are similar to the CGPA system used by the CBSE.