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The cumulative grade point average (CGPA) is a way to assess a student's academic progress over a predetermined time period, like a semester or school year. It was implemented by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) for Class X students as a component of the Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) system.
Instead of receiving a score for each course they study, students are given grades under the CGPA system. The overall CGPA for the student is then determined using these grades. The cumulative grade point average (CGPA), which excludes any optional classes taken, is the student's overall grade point average across all subjects.
The grades that are given to students are used to track their success in each topic, and they are determined by how well they performed in that subject. Typically, grades are denoted by letters, such as A, B, C, D, and so forth. The grades are determined using a set of predetermined standards, including the student's performance on tests, the percentage of marks they received, and their overall performance for the entire year.
The CGPA method aims to offer a more comprehensive and adaptable assessment of a student's academic performance. Instead of merely looking at the percentage score overall, it considers the student's performance across all subjects. Students who may struggle in certain topics but thrive in others may find this helpful. The CGPA method also places less emphasis on getting high grades and more emphasis on a student's overall performance, which can aid in lowering the pressure and stress connected to conventional examination systems.
As a component of the Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) system, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) adopted the Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) system in 2011. Before this, the CBSE evaluated and rewarded students' marks according to multiple standards. The way in which student academic achievement is assessed and reported underwent a substantial change with the advent of the CGPA system.
The CGPA method was chosen to take the place of the previous standards in order to provide a more comprehensive and adaptable assessment of students' academic performance throughout the year. Instead than only looking at the student's overall percentage
The introduction of the CGPA system in 2011 was a significant step forward for the CBSE and for the education system in India as a whole. It is now widely used in schools and colleges across the country and has become an important tool for evaluating and reporting student performance.
The CGPA is used to denote the overall performance of the student in the academic session as grades. The CGPA system was introduced to ease the burden of marks and the stress of the examinations among students. Due to this reason, the CGPA system is also used in some of the bachelor's and Master's Degree.
The CGPA system defines the grades of a student in its academics. Although, it has some pros and cons.
GPA is grade point average which signifies the grades obtained by the student in the semester or term. CGPA is different from GPA as CGPA is the grades obtained by the student over the course or an entire year. Though GPA and CGPA both evaluate the measure of abilities of a student, CBSE has the curriculum which determines the CGPA only but not the GPA. While the colleges which use the CGPA system calculate the GPA of the students too. Different colleges have different criteria for giving GPA to the students. The basic feature of the GPA and CGPA remains the same that GPA is for Grades obtained over a term and CGPA is Grades obtained over the course or whole year.
It can't be concluded that one of the systems is good or bad, but some facts can be taken into consideration. Both the systems have its pros and cons.
The Central Board of Secondary Education has a curriculum where 5 subjects are compulsary and one is optional.
• TO CALCULATE AVERAGE CGPA
Assume the grade points of the 5 subjects as:
Subject 1 Grades= 10
Subject 2 Grades=9
Subject 3 Grades=10
Subject 4 Grades=8
Subject 5 Grades=10
• TO CALCULATE PERCENTAGE USING CGPA OBTAINED
• TO CALCULATE CGPA USING THE PERCENTAGE
|91 to 100||A1||10|
|81 to 90||A2||9|
|71 to 80||B1||8|
|61 to 70||B2||7|
|51 to 60||C1||6|
|41 to 50||C2||5|
|33 to 40||D||4|
|21 to 32||E1||0|
|00 to 20||E2||0|
There are several grading systems used around the world which are similar to the CGPA system used by the CBSE.